Wednesday, December 29, 2010

Alexandria (Egypt)

The history of Alexandria dates back to the city's founding, by Alexander the Great, in 332 BC. It was the seat of the Ptolemaic rulers of Egypt, and quickly became one of the greatest cities of the Hellenistic world — second only to Rome in size and wealth. It fell to the Arabs in 641 AD, and a new capital of Egypt, Fustat, was founded on the Nile.

  • Sample :

Full scale

  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 :
Dark complexion (black eyes though light eyes are not uncommon, black hair, tanned skin, ...), leptomorphic, arched convex nose (droopy tip), close-set eyes, full lips, deeply drawn lines around the oral cavity
~ Dinaromorphic Mediterranean

This phenotype is what might be dubbed "Arabid" by most authors : it's very common in Eastern North Africa and is generally associated with Semitic people. Some male individuals show rather puffy features (full lips, broad nose, broad chin, ...) not uncommon in the Eastern Mediterranean.

- Type 2 :
Dark complexion (black eyes, black hair, ...), brachymorphic, coarse features, large face, massive and low-rooted nose that can get convex, full lips, somehow wide-set eyes
~ Alpinoid

This is a classical type from the Levant : the lack of Berberid features - so common in the Maghreb - is to be noticed. It confirms modern genetic studies that Egyptians are more closely related to Middle-Easterners than to Maghreb people.

  • Final morphotypes :