Monday, August 16, 2010

Bethlehem (Palestine)

The Hebrew Bible identifies Beit Lehem as the city David was from and the location where he was crowned as the king of Israel. The New Testament Gospels of Matthew and Luke identify Bethlehem as the birthplace of Jesus of Nazareth. The town is inhabited by one of the oldest Christian communities in the world, though the size of the community has shrunk due to emigration. Bethlehem has a Muslim majority, but is also home to one of the largest Palestinian Christian communities.




  • Sample :

Full scale


  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 :
Dark complexion (black eyes, black hair, tanned skin, ...), leptomorphic, leptoprosopic, arched convex nose, close-set eyes, full lips, deeply drawn lines around the oral cavity
~ Mediterranean



This phenotype is dubbed "Arabid" by most authors. It is undoubtedly very common amongst the autochtonous people of the Middle-East and North Africa.


- Type 2 : Dark complexion (black eyes, black hair, rather dark skin, ...), brachymorphic, coarse features, large face, massive and low-rooted puffy nose that can get convex, full lips, somehow wide-set and rather slanted eyes
~ Alpinoid/Berid




This type is quite original with some individuals showing rather original features that can be found from Morocco to India as far as I know. It seems to be widespread in Egypt, the Arabian peninsula and Iraq as well : more samples will be needed to detect the full extent of those features. I'm a bit clueless about that type for the moment. Somehow, some individuals do remind me of a young Arafat.




  • Final morphotypes :

Tizi Ouzou : Kabylia (Algeria)

The area is populated by the Kabyles, a Berber ethnic group , the second most populous Berber people after the Chleuhs in Morocco. They speak the Kabyle variety of Berber. The Kabyle people have always inhabited the peaks of the Algerian Highlands, the eastern parts of the Atlas Mountains, located in modern Algeria. Several sources, from anthropology to the genome, conclude that the Kabyles are autochthonous inhabitants of this territory, to which they refer as "Homeland".



Kabyle-speaking lands


Addendum : Y-DNA in the Western Mediterranean

  • Sample :

Full scale


  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 :
Dark complexion (black eyes, black hair, tanned skin, ...), leptomorphic, arched convex nose (droopy tip), close-set eyes, full lips, deeply drawn lines around the oral cavity
~ Dinaromorphic Mediterranean




This phenotype is what might be dubbed "Arabid" by most authors : it's very common in North Africa. A rarer and depigmented variant is very unique to the area : it exhibits very local Kabyle features such as rufosity, high cheekbones, strong browridges, ... which link these individuals with the second type.




- Type 2 : Intermediate complexion (pinky cheeks, light green-grey eyes, ...), more or less brachymorphic, rather large face, little and low-rooted puffy nose, wide forehead, bulbous temples, large and strong jaws, close-set eyes (rather little eyelids), general coarse features
~ Berberid




This is a very common type in Algeria, and elsewhere in Maghreb. It might be particularly associated with Berber-speaking people. Zidenine Zidane might be a good example of such type.



  • Final morphotypes :