Thursday, February 25, 2010

Tangiers (Morocco)

The modern Tanjah (anglicised as Tangiers) is an ancient Berber and Phoenician town, founded by Carthaginian colonists in the early 5th century BC. The commercial town of Tingis came under Roman rule in the course of the 1st century BC, first as a free city and then, under Augustus, a colony (Colonia Julia, under Claudius), capital of Mauritania Tingitana of Hispania.



  • Sample :
Full scale


  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 :
Dark complexion (black eyes, black hair, tanned skin, ...), leptomorphic, leptoprosopic, arched convex nose, close-set eyes, full lips, deeply drawn lines around the oral cavity
~ Mediterranean




This phenotype is dubbed "Arabid" by most authors. It was already identified in Oran. A rarer and depigmented variant approaches many European types (dinaricized ones for instance) :



More classical and robust Mediterranean types are to be found : rectangular face, large jaw, lower-rooted straight nose, ... Those people could very well fit in Iberia.





- Type 2 : Rather dark complexion (black eyes, black hair, ...), brachymorphic, coarse features, large face, massive and low-rooted nose that can get convex, full lips, somehow wide-set eyes
~ Alpinoid/Berid




Those people exhibit traits that are generally labelled as "Berberid". It might be more specifically North African. See Oran.


  • Final morphotypes :

Saturday, February 20, 2010

Yucatán (Mexico)

Before the arrival of the Spanish in the area, Yucatán was the home of the Maya civilization. The Maya area was initially inhabited around the 10th century BC. Recent discoveries of Maya occupation at Cuello in Belize have been carbon dated to around 2600 BC.

The Spanish conquest of the Maya city-states took decades of long fighting. The Mayan language still is spoken by a third of the population of the state, especially in rural areas.




  • Sample :
Full scale


  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 :
Dark complexion (black eyes, black and rather smooth hair, brown skin, ...), brachymorphic, stocky general features, rectangular face, broad but rather straight nose, sparsity of mongoloid eye features, deeply drawn lines around the oral cavity
~ Centralid




This Central American type - made famous by Olmec art - is autochtonous to eastern and southern Mexico (Aztec and Maya lands) and used to reach the southern coast of the USA. In Yucatán it is undoubtedly linked with strong Maya ancestry. More elongated and less stocky variants are to be found :





- Type 2 : Intermediate complexion (black-grey eyes, black-brown hair, rather "white" skin, ...), more or less leptomorphic, straight or convex nose, sparse Amerindian secondary traits
~ Altered Caucasoid (Mediterranoid)




Describing New-World types is uneasy : depending on individuals, Amerindian admixture will be strong or nearly invisible. Basically speaking, those people fall within European variation and would pass unnoticed in Mediterranean Europe. Some recombinations do give an interesting pseudo-Berid look :



  • Final morphotypes :

Thursday, February 18, 2010

Gaspésie : Québec (Canada)

The Gaspé is a peninsula constituting part of the south shore of the Saint Lawrence River, in Quebec, Canada. It extends into the Gulf of Saint Lawrence and is separated from New Brunswick by the baie des Chaleurs and the Restigouche River. This area was initially inhabited by the Mi'kmaq, a First Nations people.

The local population is known for a stronger Acadian and British imput (Irish and Scottish) than other Québécois.





  • Sample :
Full scale


  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 :
Intermediate complexion (from dark-blonde to black hair, reddish undertones, grey eyes, ...), leptomorphic, large jaw, pointy chin, high-rooted and long straight nose, close-set eyes
~ Atlantid




A classical Western European type which is prevailing both in the British Isles and Western France, it might be more coastal French-looking when darker even though it's found in the British Isles as well (see samples from Poitou and Ireland).





- Type 2 : Intermediate complexion (rather dark hair, blue-grey eyes, ...), brachymorphic, a large and square-box face, little and low-rooted straight nose that is rather broad and flat, distanced eyes and narrow eyelids (pseudo-"mongoloid" look)
~ Alpinoid




Even though one could speculate about remote Amerindian admixture, it is more reasonable to detect that this type possesses direct counterparts in Western France in Poitou (see samples from Poitou) which is from where most French-Canadian settlers originated.

Some individuals - reddish undertones, large face, prominent chin, a convex nose on women, developed browridges - undoubtedly exhibit a rather Irish/Scottish flavour which would be more atypical in Western France.





  • Final morphotypes :

Thursday, February 11, 2010

Oran (Algeria)

Excavations in the caves of Cuartel and Kouchet el Djir have proved that human occupation in the area dates back from Paleolithic times. Oran was a centre of Ibero-Maurusian industry (10.120 — 8.550 BC) : it's unknown either this culture emerged as a result of migration of Cro-Magnon people from the Iberian peninsula, hence the name, or from the local Aterian culture. Around 5.000 BC, new populations akin to Berber Tuaregs are allegedly believed to reach the area.

Known as Unica Colonia under the Romans, Oran was founded under this name in 903 by Moorish Andalusi traders but was captured by the Spanish in 1509. After about two centuries of Ottoman occupation, it fell to the French in the 19th century.




Addendum : Y-DNA in the Western Mediterranean


  • Sample :
Full scale


  • Brief anthropological analysis :

- Type 1 :
Dark complexion (black eyes, black hair, tanned skin, ...), leptomorphic, arched convex nose (droopy tip), close-set eyes, full lips, deeply drawn lines around the oral cavity
~ Mediterranean




This phenotype is dubbed "Arabid" by most authors. A rarer and depigmented variant approaches many European types :



More classical and robust Mediterranean types are to be found : rectangular face, large jaw, lower-rooted straight nose, ...





- Type 2 : Intermediate complexion (pinky cheeks, light green-grey eyes, ...), brachymorphic, very large face, little and low-rooted nose that can get convex, wide forehead, bulbous temples, large and strong jaws, close-set eyes (rather little eyelids)
~ Cro-Magnoid



The 4th man exhibits very "Berberid" traits : general coarse features, a massive and broad nose, light green eyes, streaked skin, bulbous temples, ... In this sample, at least, it seems to be a male subtype. Somehow, there may be counterparts to this type in parts of Portugal. Women that could broadly fall in this category are best described as Type 3.


- Type 3 : Dark complexion (black eyes, black hair, ...), brachymorphic, large face, little and low-rooted nose, close-set eyes
~ Alpino-Mediterranean




This type is not uncommon in some areas of Spain.


  • Final morphotypes :

Introduction

Well, "Anthroworld" was already registered ... So it'll be "Anthroplanet" !

Anthroplanet will be the natural complement to Anthroeurope : here, you'll find samples and anthropological analyses from regions outside Europe. It's actually just a convenient way to make Anthroeurope more readable : I don't have any eurocentric views.

Read AE's introduction before mailing me about my aims. Have fun !